2 edition of Survey of alternative kallikrein transcripts and identification of a human kallikrein 5 splice variant which is differentially expressed in ovarian and prostate cancer. found in the catalog.
Survey of alternative kallikrein transcripts and identification of a human kallikrein 5 splice variant which is differentially expressed in ovarian and prostate cancer.
Written in English
Many cancer-specific mRNA splice variants have recently been discovered. Some are associated with disease etiology and progression and may display clinical utility as cancer biomarkers. Given that many human tissue kallikreins (hKs) are established or are potential biomarkers for hormone-related malignancies, we attempted to discover novel splice variants that may contribute unique or complementary diagnostic/prognostic information. By defining a reference form for each of the 15 kallikrein genes, we were able to identify from public databases or experimentation 82 kallikrein transcripts and analyze their splicing patterns. Additionally, we identified a novel mRNA transcript of the human kallikrein gene 5 [KLK5], denoted KLK5 splice variant 1 (KLK5-SV1) with an alternative 5" untranslated region, compared to the reference KLK5 transcript. This transcript was expressed in 9/10 ovarian cancer tissues but it was not found in one normal ovarian tissue. Furthermore, this variant had significantly higher expression in normal prostate tissues compared to their matched cancer tissue counterparts. Therefore, KLK5-SV1 may have clinical utility as a novel prostate and ovarian cancer biomarker.
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